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Shandong Province, also known as short of Lu, is located in the eastern coast of China and the lower reaches of the Yellow River. It adjoins the Bohai and Huanghai Sea in the east, facing the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Archipelago across the East Sea. It borders Hebei to the northwest, Henan to the west, Jiangsu to the south, overlooking the Liaodong Peninsular across the Bohai Sea. It has an area of 156,700 square kilometers with Jinan as its capital city.

Geography and climate

Shandong province consists of the Shandong Peninsular and the adjacent inland. Geography in Shandong is mostly flat as the northwestern, western and southwestern parts of the province are parts of the vast North China Plain. While the center of Shandong is much more mountainous with the magnificent Mount Tai standing there. And the east of Shandong is dominated by the hilly Shandong Peninsular which extends into the sea.

Climate in Shandong belongs to the temperate monsoon climate with rainy, hot summers and cold, dry summers.


Shandong has nurtured the local culture of Qi Lu in the pre-Qin period, including the Taoist culture, Legalism culture, Mohism culture and the most predominant Confucian culture. Shandong Bangzi and Luju, originated from the southwestern Shandong, are popular forms of Chinese opera in Shandong province. Shandong cuisine, one of the eight traditional Chinese cuisines, is another great part of Shandong culture.


Shandong has rich tourist resources with many beautiful natural landscapes and numerous historical and cultural relics. When travel to Shandong, you can enjoy the 72 Famous Springs in Jinan, and the famous Baotu Spring, Daming Lake, Thousand Buddha Mountain and Lingyan Temple all are located in Jinan city. Or you can visit the sacred Mount Tai in Tai'an, Temple and Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, or the beautiful Penglai city and the charming coast Qingdao city.

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