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Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, abbreviated as Xin, is one of the five autonomous regions in China. It is located in the northwest edge of China and is the largest administrative region of China with a total land area of 1,664,900 square kilometers which occupies one-sixth of China's total territory. Its vast land area makes Xinjiang have the most bordering countries. It shares a border with eight countries, Russia, Mongolia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Within China, Xinjiang adjoins provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Tibet Autonomous Region. Urumqi serves as the capital city of the province.

Geography and climate

Topography of Xinjing is distinctively featured by "three mountains two basins". There are Altai Mountains, Tianshan Mountains and Kunlun Mountains from the north to south. And the middle lied Tianshan Mountains split the region into two large basins, the Dzungaria Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south which is the largest basin in China. Except mountains and basins, there are large desert in Xinjiang like Gobi and Takla Makan Desert which is the largest desert of China. Also there are rivers such as the Tarim River and oasis along those basins.

Xinjiang has a distinct temperate continental arid climate featured with large temperature difference, abundant sunshine and few rainfalls.


Located along the famous Silk Road, Xinjiang has been one of the importantly historical place of international trade and transportation center between China and the Mediterranean, among which Urumqi, Kashgar and Turpan are the most important cities. Xinjiang is a region sheltered many ethnic groups, like Han, Uygur, Hui, Manchu, Kazak, Mongol and so on. Hence culture of Xinjiang is a highly diversified culture of different customs and habits, and the culture of the Uygur people are the most prominent in Xinjiang.


Xinjiang is considered as the hometown of song and dance, also the hometown of melon and fruit. In addition to its beautiful landscapes, peculiar land formations, numerous historic sites, unique multi-ethnic customs and habits, Xinjiang has attracted a lot of people there by its unique attractions and exotic folks. Top attractions in Xinjiang include Flaming Mountains, Yadan, Tianshan Mountains, Red Hill, Kanas Lake, Ghost City, Kahsgar City, Pamirs, Tacheng, Nalat Grassland, Hemu Village and Turpan.
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