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Black Dragon Pool

 Lijiang Attractions

Located at the foot of Elephant Hill, the Black Dragon Pool is a famous pond in the scenic Jade Spring Park, or Yuquan Park. The Black Dragon Pool Park Lijiang is commonly referred as the Temple of the Dragon King, and is the landmark of Lijiang.

The Black Dragon Pool is listed in the Collections of Famous Pools of China because of its exquisite beauty. Its surroundings are all green with grass and shaded by swaying willow trees. In its waters, the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is reflected. At the far side of the pool, there are renovated buildings used for art exhibition such as the Moon-Embracing Pavilion with its own white marble bridge across the water, and the Five-Phoenix Temple built during the Ming Dynasty.

The Black Dragon Pool Park was built in the 2nd year of Emperor Qian Long's reign (1737), and then rebuilt for many times. There are many ancient buildings in the park, including Shrine of Dragon King, Deyue Building, Suocui Bridge and Jade Emperor Building and so on. Among them, Wufeng Building is the most famous, which was formerly built in Fuguo Buddhist Temple named as Fayun Attic. However, Shrine of the Dragon King is the major building of the Park.

An ancient legend lends the Black Dragon Pool its name; it is said that a long time ago there were ten wicked dragons that caused much destruction and did great harm to people. One day, one of the Eight Immortals of the Chinese legend "Lu Dongbin" subdued nine of the dragons and jailed them in a tower. Only the youngest black dragon was left, charging with protecting and benefiting the people as the price of its freedom.

This dragon is believed living in the Black Dragon Pool till today. The pool is divided into two parts by a bridge, and although the water is connected, the two sides are different colors and the fish in either side never swim to the opposite part of the pool. Moreover, for hundreds of years, this wondrous pool has never dried up, even in drought years.

One can see arbours and pavilions beside the pond, temples hidden in the trees and variegated flowers found everywhere. “A tree of cherry blossom accompanies a tree of willow, while a rose climbs to the tip of one of a tree's twigs." That is how the calm and exquisite view of the place is described. In Black Dragon Pool Park, the water is lucid as jade and reflects those elegant traditional garden buildings. Along the river bank, a natural flower carpet decorate fairyland. It is therefore praised thus “At Yuchuan the flowers of the four seasons are like embroidered brocade.”

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