Introduction to Jingdezhen Ceramic History Museum (景德镇陶瓷民俗博物馆)
Jingdezhen Ceramic History Museum, also known as Jingdezhen Ceramic Folk Museum, is a professional museum of Chinese ceramics. Located in the Panlongshan, the western suburb of Jingdezhen City in Jiangxi province, Jingdezhen Ceramic History Museum covers a total area of 830,000 square meters. It was built in 1979 and officially opened on October 1, 1984.
There are ancient kiln buildings and residential buildings of the Qing Dynasty in the Jingdezhen Ceramic Historical Museum. In the ancient kiln buildings, there are handmade porcelain art performances, as well as firing antique porcelain. While in the residential buildings of the Qing Dynasty, there are Jingdezhen ceramic history and painting exhibitions.
This ceramics museum has collected over 5,000 items of historical relics. Around 100 items are Class One relics, most of which are products of government porcelain kilns, the porcelains left from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and the samples showing the processing technique of the celadon of the Yuan Dynasty. The celadon pillow with the pattern of dragon and tiger left from the Song Dynasty (960-1279) combines the technique of piercing and picking-up; the celadon vase with the pattern of plums left from the Yuan Dynasty is one of the best among the celadon products left from the Yuan Dynasty; and the celadon big plate, 72 cm in diameter, with the pattern of a sea animal, is a special product produced from the imperial porcelain kiln at that time.
In addition to the wide variety of articles in the exhibition, the beautiful antique architecture of the museum attracts tourists too. The antique architecture is in two parts: Ming Garden and Qing Garden. The 'Wangbo Residence' in Ming Garden is a house in the typical Hui style. The two most representative buildings in Qing Garden are the 'Yuhuantang', a memorial temple in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and the 'Dafu Residence', meaning a residence for scholars in the Qing Dynasty. The two gardens are composed of ancient kiln-workshops, ancient kilns, and ancient structures that were originally scattered throughout Jingdezhen City but have now been collected here by the government.
The Jingdezhen Ceramic Culture Exhibition Area (including folk museum, ancient kiln porcelain factory) was named as national "AAAA" level scenic spots in November 2004. Nowadays, it has become the most famouscultural tourist attractions in Jingdezhen. October is the best time to visit Jingdezhen Ceramic History Museum, for the annual "Jingdezhen National Ceramic Festival" begins on October 12th and lasts for one month.