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Gaochang Ruins

 Turpan Attractions

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Introduction to Gaochang Ruins (高昌故城)

It is the largest city ruins in west China which covers around 2.2 million square meters, containing the outer and inner cities. The layout of the city is similar to that of Chang'an, capital of Tang Dynasty at that time. The outer wall is the only visible structure left today. Some parts are well-preserved. 

The site is located 40 kilometers from the Turpan City, at the north bank of the Aiding Lake and to the south of the Flaming Mountain. It was listed as the National key cultural unit in 1961. Gaochang was an ancient city with a history of over 1,300 years and it was destroyed in the war. The city saw frequent changes of dynasties in hundreds of years. 

It was once a fertile and cultivated land and served as capital of three western states. From the historical documents and relics excavated in the region, historians are able to sketch the outline of this grand city. Gaochang's ideal location at the middle of the Turpan Depression and the city's well layout with high walls and deep moats made it a significant military fortress of the Western Region over years.

Shanhaiguan Great Wall


Sanpu CountryTurpan

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Main Sights

Inner City, Palace City

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Travel Information

Admission Fee: 40 Yuan
Opening Hours: 8:00AM - 5:00PM

Shanhaiguan Great Wall


1. It's best to take a taxis to Gaochang Ruins.

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Travel Tips 

1. Try to avoid visiting Gaochang Ruins during the summer holidays and Golden Week in October. There are many tour groups and local tourists during national holidays.

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

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