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Terracotta Army

 Xian Attractions

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Introduction to Terracotta Army

Terracotta Army, also known as Terracotta Warriors and Horses, is one of the most famous tourist attractions in China. Reputed as the World’s Eighth Great Wonder, the Terracotta Army is the most significant excavations of the 20th century. For tourists go for Xian tours, and travelers visiting China for the first time, the Terracotta Army is a top attraction not to be missed out.

The Terracotta Army is a collection of thousands of terracotta sculptures of warriors, chariots, and horses depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, and were buried with him. These figures that were made 2,000 years ago were arranged in the battle formations according to the ancient directives on the Art of War.

What really striking is these terracotta warriors and horses were made to be different in facial expressions, gestures, clothes, and hairstyle according to their roles in the army. Besides the warriors and horses, there are officials, acrobats, strongmen, musicians, and weapons are also found. These terracotta warriors and horse are great examples to learn the ancient history and culture of the Qin Dynasty. 

The site of the Terracotta Army was first discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Xian. Later a museum was built on the site in 1975. Now the Museum of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses mainly include the 3 pits that are opened to the public, and The Exhibition Hall of the Bronze Chariots. 

Pit One is the largest and most impressive with more than 6,000 terracotta warriors and horse. Pit Two which was excavated in 1976 contains cavalry, infantry units, and war chariots, and more importantly it uncovers the mystery of the ancient army array. Pit Three is the smallest one and it is the command post. 

The Museum of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses is located only 2 kilometers away from the other famous Xian attraction The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang. These two sites together with other small sits were combined into the large Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum. 

   
Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Location

Qinling North Road, Lintong DistrictXian

   
Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Main Sights

Terracotta Warriors, Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

   
Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Travel Information

Admission Fee: 150 Yuan (1st Mar-30th Nov), 120 Yuan (1st Dec – Feb)
Opening Hours: 8:00AM – 5:00PM (16th Mar – 15th Nov), 8:30AM to 4:30PM (16th Nov – 15th Mar)
Best Time to Visit: Terracotta Army is suitable to visit all year round.

   
Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Transportation 

1. Take buses 914,915 or 101 which takes you directly to the Terracotta Warrior Museum.

   
Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Travel Tips 

1. Try to avoid visiting during the summer holidays and Golden Week in October as it will be extremely crowded.

   
   

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