Hong Village of Anhui Province
2014-01-29 Ada Sights Huangshan 964
Hong Village is a unique, buffalo-shaped ancient village, covering an area of about 30 hectares. Located at the foot of the southwest of Mt. Huangshan, only 11 kilometers away from Yixian town, the village has nice scenery - simple but elegant, a fine mixture of old houses, green hills and clear creeks. Hong Village has always enjoyed the name "a village in the Chinese painting". Together with Xidi, the village became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. Scenes from the film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon were filmed on location in Hong.
The village now boasts 158 dwelling houses dating back to the Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty, about 300 or 400 years ago, nearly 140 houses are still in good shape. All the buildings follow local architectural style, have exquisite carvings and are magnificent symbols of its time. They were built with fine craftsmanship that is regarded as the best in China. Among them, Chenzhi Hall is a big and gorgeous residential building, including two living rooms, one Buddhism prayer section, one amusement room , etc. It enjoys the name of "Residence Museum".
With the boundless mountain and crystal like water harmoniously matching each other, the ancestors of the village made the greatest bull-shaped artificial water system in China. The crescent-moon-shaped pool beside the mouth of a spring is cattle's stomach. Chinese people are used to thinking that flowers are doomed to wither and full moon is doomed to wane which is not a favorable scene, hence the shape of the pool. The South Lake is its tripe. The winding river is cattle's intestine. The residences on the two sides of the river are the body.
The Thunder Mound is cattle's head and the two antique trees are its horns. Last, the four bridges over the river represent the four legs of a cattle. As is unique, it is one of the World Historic and Cultural Heritage. Since the village is located on the hills where the cloud is sometimes splashing while sometimes transparent, the village is just looks like a Chinese painting characterized by rich culture and beautiful scenery. The main buildings in the village are residences and private gardens while the remains are private schools, ancestral halls and public facilities. Nearly all of the architectures are decorated by various delicate carvings.
The waterways of the village were supposed to be designed to provide source of washing water, even fire water in case of emergency. In the Song dynasty, about 900 years ago, the villagers constructed an irrigation canal intervening every houses, so virtually every household in the village has easy access of the canal. The construction was designed in similarity to a baffalo's body structure: Nanhu Lake is shaped like the baffalo's belly; Moon Pond looks like it's stomach; the channel its intestine. This vivid layout of buffalo is one outstanding feature of the village.
What's more, it has always been appealing to the visitors all over the world including many film directors. Many well known swordsmen films such as "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" and "Beggar, Su Qier" and TV plays are just shot there.
We have Mount Huangshan Tours every week. In January and February, tours are available every Monday except Chinese New Year Holiday Period. We also have good price hotel rate in Huangshan area at the best money value deal.