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Mount Songshan of Dengfeng - Birthplace of Chinese Cilvilization

 2013-12-01    Sylvia Lai    Sights    Dengfeng    1757  

Songshan district is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization with a long history. It is the earliest political, economic and cultural center of ancient central China. During this full of history district, the most famous is Mountain Songshan.


 
Mountain Songshan, which is also called Zhongyue in Chinese, is considered as the top list of the fifth influential sacred “Wuyue” Mountain. Mountain Songshan is not just famous for the beautiful scenery but the flourishing culture. The Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism are all developed representatively in this area.
 
Located in Dengfeng city in Henan Province in central China, Mountain Songshan has two main peaks of Taishi and Shaoshi where lots of sceneries spread along them. It is a charming place to visit.



Here are some typical places to recommend for you.
 
1. Zhongyue Temple 

Zhongyue Temple is one of the oldest of Temple in China, originally built in the Qin Dynasty over 2,200 years ago. It is a famous Taoist site situated halfway up the Huanggai peak of the Songshan range with a total area of 110,000 square meters. Zhongyue Temple enjoyed the highest estate in Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. This kind of ancient temple is very gigantic and majestic, which also rarely to be seen in Chinese civilization.


2. Songyang Academy

Songyang Academy also named Yingtian Academy, located at the south foot of the Songshan Mountain. Embraced by the grand mountains and green trees, Songyang Academy enjoys a quiet and elegant environment. It was created in 484 A.D. and became one of the forth famous Academies in Ancient China. The academy is similar as the university in today.  Many outstanding politicians, philosophers, poet and litterateurs had been teaching in Songyang Academy, it also trained up a lot of famous people on that time. Songyang Academy played a very important role in the education history of ancient China.


 
3. Shaolin Temple

Shaolin Temple is the birthplace of Buddhism's Chan Sect (Zen) in China as well as the cradle of China's Shaolin Kongfu (martial arts). Shaolin Temple covers an area of more than 30,000 square meters, it looks solemn and grandeur. But what makes the temple famous is for its unique Kongfu. There has Kongfu performance to appreciate by the well-trained monks in Shaolin Temple.



4. Gaocheng Observatory

Gaocheng Observatory is built at about 1271A.D, designed by Yuan Dynasty famous scientist Guo Shoujing. It is the oldest observatory preserved in China at about more than 700-years of history. The old ancient observatory was designed originally for use in predicting the time of the solstice each year and became the cradle of astronomy of ancient China. Besides the Kongfu performance, the pagodas are also worth to see. It is about 300 meters in the west of Shaolin Temple. This various standing pagodas are the largest-scale group of pagodas in China.


 
Mountain Songshan is renowned at home and abroad for its stunning landscapes and ancient sites. Why not go to Mountain Songshan to find the brilliant culture of China?

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