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Late Imperial China (1368 – 1911)

Late Imperial China (1368 – 1911)
The tradition of painting simple subjects like a branch with fruit, a few flowers, or one or two horses developed from the 13th century.It’s start from Ming period (1368-1644) that narrative painting, with a wider color range and a much busier composition than Song paintings, was immensely popular.

The traditions of the Yuan scholar-painters is still continued by some painters of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).They are called Wu School painters which was led by the artist Shen Zhou. Another group of painters who revived and transformed the styles of the Song court was known as the Zhe School.

Painters rebelled against many of the traditional rules of painting and express themselves more directly through free brushwork as Individualists during the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). In the 1700s and 1800s,There are many wealthy merchant-patrons in Yangzhou and Shanghai,they encouraged artists to produce bold new works.

In the late 1800s and 1900s, with more and more artists studied in Europe,some of them tried to combine the best of both traditions. One of the most beloved modern painters was Qi Baishi. His best known works depict flowers and small animals. And he began life as a poor peasant and became a great master.