Previously known as Jehol or Re He, Chengde is a prefecture-level city in Hebei province, People's Republic of China, situated northeast of Beijing. The Chengde city is home to large populations of ethnic minorities, particularly the Mongol and Manchu. The name for Chengde in Manchu is Erdemu be aliha fu.
Chengde is well known as the site of the Mountain Resort, a vast imperial garden and palace formerly used by the Qing emperors as summer residence. It has advantaged and abundant tourist resources. As one of the first famous historic and cultural cities of the nation, this city has plenty of beautiful scenery, with some of them being renowned both at home and abroad.
Chengde has the world's largest royal hunting- the Mulan Paddock; the largest royal garden-the Summer Resort; the greatest royal temple group - The Eight Outer Temples in the north of the Great Wall; the biggest wooden Buddha statue -the Kwan-yin Bodhisattva with a thousand hands and a thousand eyes, and the shortest river- the Hot River. The Mountain Resort and Eight Outer Temples were listed as the world cultural heritage sites in 1994, which have contributed towards the city being one of famous cities in the world.
In the north of Chengde is Wulingshan Mountain Natural Reserve; in the west lies the No.1 Grassland for the purpose of spending one's holiday and in the east are Yuquanxing Palace and Liaohe River Holiday Zone. So far, many scenic attractions in Chengde have already been rated as 4-A class, highest level in this field in China. In 2012, Chengde was named one of "China Top Ten Characteristics Leisure City."
History of Chengde
In 1703, Chengde was chosen by the Kangxi Emperor as the location for his summer residence. Constructed throughout the eighteenth century, the Mountain Resort was used by both the Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors. The site is currently listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since the seat of government followed the emperor, Chengde was a political center of the Chinese empire during these times.
The city of Jehol reached its height under the Qianlong Emperor 1735-1796 (died 1799). The great monastery temple of the Potala, loosely based on the Potala Palace in Lhasa, was completed after just four years of work in 1771. It was heavily decorated with gold and the emperor worshipped in the Golden Pavilion. In the temple itself was a bronze-gilt statue of Tsongkhapa, the Reformer of the Gelugpa sect.
Under the Republic of China, Chengde was the capital of Rehe province. From 1933 to 1945 the city was under Japanese control as a part of the Manchurian puppet state known as Manchukuo. After World War II the Kuomintang regained jurisdiction. In 1948, the People's Liberation Army took control of Chengde. It would remain a part of Rehe until 1955, when the province was abolished, and the city was incorporated into Hebei.
Administrative divisions (Governed three districts and eight counties)
Shuangqiao District 双桥区
Shuangluan District 双滦区
Yingshouyingzi Mining District 鹰手营子矿区
Chengde County 承德县
Xinglong County 兴隆县
Pingquan County 平泉县
Luanping County 滦平县
Longhua County 隆化县
Fengning Manchu Autonomous County 丰宁满族自治县
Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County 宽城满族自治县
Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County 围场满族蒙古族自治县