On the east coast of Eurasia and the southern tip of Liaodong Peninsular in northeast China, Dalian stretches from 120.58' to 123.31' east longitude and 38.43' to 40.10' north latitude, with the Yellow Sea on the east, the Bohai Sea on the west, facing the Shandong Peninsular across the sea on the south and backed up by the vast Northeast Plain on the north.
The old name of Dalian was first used by an official in his memorial to Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) referring to the present Dalian Gulf. In the early 20th century, the gulf area developed quickly and expanded into a city of significant size and importance.
Dalian is the marine gateway of northeast China, North China, East China and the whole world. It is also an important port, and a trade, industry and tourism city. The impression Dalian gives to the world is of a city of lawns, squares, fountains and gardens. This is all thanks to the former mayor of the city, Bo Xilai, who initiated a 'Green Storm' - a widespread environmental campaign which brought numerous green squares, forest parks and seaside scenic spots to the city. People say it is 'A City Built in Gardens'.
Dalian covers an area of 12,574 square kilometers, among which 2415 square kilometers of area is the old city. This area is abounding with mountains and hills, while plains and lowlands are rarely seen. The terrain, high and broad on the north, low and narrow on the south, tilts to the Yellow Sea on the southeast and the Bohai Sea on the northwest from the center.
The region which faces the Yellow Sea is long and gentle. The Qianshan Mountain range of Chang Baishan Mountain system passes through the whole region from north to south. Mountain regions and long eroded foothills are widely dispersed within the region. Plains and lowlands are only interspersed near the confluence and in some valleys. Kast topography and sea erosion topography are everywhere.
Located to the southwest of Dalian is Lushun, the former military and strategic port colonized by Russia. Today it is a place with museums and historical sites for tourists to learn the history of the city. Bingyu Valley, 240 kilometers (150 miles) north of Dalian is home to an astonishing array of rock formations amidst limpid waters, similar to those found in Guilin.
Numerous bathing places and beaches in the city are popular venues for the locals to relax from everyday work and stress. Young people, like those in many other metropolitan cities in China are trend pursuers who spend their evenings in bars and pubs throughout the city.