Located in the central and southern Guangdong, Guangzhou (also known as Canton or Kwangchow) is the capital city of Guangdong province and China's southern gateway, as well as an important national trading center, covering an area of 16,000 square kilometers.
Guangzhou city is the international metropolis and one of the three comprehensive gateway cities. It is also the world-famous port city, and China's economic, financial, trade, shipping and exhibition center; southern China's political, military, cultural, scientific and educational center. As a window of China's foreign trade, Guangzhou is known as the "Third World capital" beause there are many foreigners in Guangzhou.
Guangzhou is also one of the most important centers of foreign commerce in South China. The Chinese Export Commodities Fair (Canton Fair) has been held twice a year in the city since 1957. It is also a cultural center. There are several universities, the Zhongshan University, the South China University of Technology, the Ji-nan University and so on. There are also higher educational establishments. The city is renowned for its arts and crafts, namely the Guang Dong embroidery, ivory-carving and ceramics.
Having two thousand years of history, Guangzhou is a Chinese historical and cultural city, the oldest trade ports, and the starting point of Maritime Silk Road. Guangzhou is also the representative of Lingnan culture, the prosperous place of Cantonese culture.
There are a lot of interesting legends concerning its past. One of the beautiful stories which gives the city its name Goat Town says that five gods riding on five goats brought the first grain to the city. So, it is also known as the City of Five Goats.
Besides tales and stories, here and there stand monuments of the city's democratic and revolutionary past. The monument to the Anti British struggle at San Yuan Li is in remembrance of the 1841 uprising against a British invading force. The Huang Hua Gang Park keeps alive the spirit of the 72 martyrs killed in an 1911 uprising against the Manchu dynasty. The National Peasant Movement Institute is the former cadre-training school founded and run by Mao Zedong and Zhou En Lai in 1925-1926. The Guangzhou Memorial Garden is in memory of those who lost their lives during the Communist Uprising in 1927.
Guangzhou is a beautiful city with an ever-green scenery and flowers blooming all the year round. The city boasts many tourist attractions, among which highlights are White Cloud Hill Scenic Spot. Yuexiu Park, Guangzhou Zoo, Six Banyan Temple and Flowery Pagoda, Dr. Sun Yatsen Memorial Hall, etc. In the Suburbs, there are such scenic spot on Conghua Hot Springs, Xiqiao Hill Scenic spot, Seven Star Crags, and Foshan City. Lots of tourists to Guangzhou like to cover one or two of them for out-of-city pleasure.
"Eating in Guangzhou" has become a popular saying both at home and abroad. Guangzhou ranks first in the number of restaurants and tea-houses in the country. Cantonese cuisine is good in color, fragrance, taste and presentation. In addition, the delicate Cantonese pastry is also well-known for its wide range of varieties, delicious flavor and beautiful color. Guangzhou cuisine is among the most famous four in the country.