Located in China Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou
is one of the most important tourist cities in China. As the saying goes: “Above there is heaven, below there are Hangzhou and Suzhou
.” It’s famous for its natural beauty and historical and cultural heritages. Hangzhou city is the political, economic and cultural center of Zhejiang province as well. It is also one of China's seven ancient national capitals
The eight-thousand-year Kuahuqiao Site and the five-thousand-year Liangzhu Site bear the history and tell the immemorial lingering charm of Hangzhou. Hangzhou's cultural of ancient capital is enriched by stained Genshan Gate, Yongjin Gate, the Royal Palace site of Southern Song Dynasty and the Eight Diagrams Field of Southern Song Dynasty.
Hangzhou is also well known for its silk and tea. A trip to Hangzhou can be easily combined with a visit to a tea plantation in the hills near the West Lake. The famous attractions in Hangzhou should not be miss the Lingyin Temple
and Six Harmonies Pagoda.
Famous for its natural scenery, Hangzhou and its West Lake
have been immortalized by countless poets and artists. Being the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty from 1127 until the Mongol invasion of 1276, the Hangzhou city's population is estimated to have been as high as one million in those days, making it the largest city in the world at that time.
A number of national museums can be found in Hangzhou city which are representative of Chinese culture. Fine examples are the National Silk Museum and National Tea Museum. Along with the other museums in the region, they provide a fascinating insight into the history of Chinese traditional products.
Hangzhou began to prosper and flourish in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It was the capital of the Wu and Yue States in the 10th Century during the Five Dynasties Period, and had its political heyday in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), when it served as the capital of China. Hangzhou witnessed a commercial boom in the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties, which is continuing at present.
Even when Marco Polo passed through the Hanghzou city, he regarded it as the finest and the noblest place in the world beyond dispute. The West Lake Cultural Landscape has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in June 2011. Although much of the city's trade and industry passed north to nearby Shanghai,the city still has been listed as one of China's most popular tourist destinations
The sub-provincial city of Hangzhou comprises 8 districts, 3 county-level cities, and 2 counties. The six central urban districts occupy 682 square meters and have 3,560,400 people. The two suburban districts occupy 2,642 square meters and have 2,681,600 people.