Luoyang, as one of four great ancient capitals in China, lies just south of the Yellow River in Henan Province.Luoyang is a sacred land of Chinese civilization, and the brithplace of Heluo culture-the core and foundation stone of traditonal Chinese culture. Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism originated from Luoyang, as did the idealist school of philosophical thought.
As a dynastic city second only to Xi'an, Luoyang is best-known for its historical tourists sites such as Luoyang longmen grottoes and Shaolin Temple. Accordingly, Luoyang is one of the places that attract large numbers of overseas Chinese to trace the root and worship their ancestors every year. As a dynastic city second only to Xi'an, Luoyang is best-known for its historical tourists sites such as Longmen Caves and Shaolin Temple. The Longmen Grottoes is the largest imperial rock-carving art treasure house in China, and a world heritage site.
Luoyang served as the capital for nine dynasties over a period of more than 1,500 years. 96 emperors from the prehistoric Xia Dynasties, through Shang, Western and Eastern Zhous, Cao Wei, Sui, Later Liang, Later Tang and Later Jin Eastern Han established their seat of power there. Luoyang's importance in history means that it has significant influence in China's cultural heritage and has many historical sites.
The Guanlin Temple is said to be where the head of the renowned ancient general, Guan Yu, was buried. The White Horse Temple in Luoyang is reckoned to be the cradle of Chinese Buddhism. The Stadio of One Thousand Inscriptions on the Memorial Tablets is praised as the "Rocked-carved Tang History". The "Emperor's Chariot Drawn by Six Horses" excavated at the Eastern Zhou Capital City Square is well known throughout the world. Besides, some significant and historical art works, from Neolithic until China's early dynasties can be seen in the Luoyang Museum.
Luoyang boasts picturesque natural scenery. The Yellow River Xiaolangdi Scenic Area in the north and the Funiu Mountain Eco-tourism Area in the south make Luoyang become a unique natural and ecological tourism city. Luoyang become a unique natural and ecological tourism city. The natural scenery around this area is also fascinating.
Luoyang Peonies have been famous since ancient times. The annual Luoyang Peony Fair has become one of the renowned tourism festivals of China, integrating tourism and economic and trade activities, and presenting its unusual peony culture.