Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning Province and the largest city in the northeast of China, Shenyang is a city steeped in history. The Imperial Palace and the two tombs are all listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. This city was also once the home of warlord Zhang Zuolin and his son Zhang Xueliang who ruled over the Northeast during the 1920's. The 20th century saw Shenyang develop as a major industrial centre. Today the city is rapidly losing its older structures with large scale construction throughout the city, like all cities in China.
Physical Features: Mostly covered by plain, small hills in the southeast, Shenyang is situated between the Changbai Mountain and the Bohai Sea and on the alluvial plains of the Liaohe and Hunhe Rivers. Its terrain gradually tilts from the northern and eastern mountainous areas to the central, southern and western plain areas.
Since the Houcheng City was built by the Yan State of the Warring State Period, Shenyang has a history spanning over 2,600 years. The city regarded as the ‘birthplace of one dynasty and the imperial city for two emperors’ is the place where the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) was founded and developed. In 1625, Emperor Nurhaci established Later Jin in the city, changed the name into Shengjing, and made it the capital city. Eleven years later, Emperor Taizong (Huang Taiji) changed the state title into 'Qing' and established the Qing Dynasty. After the army of the Qing Dynasty invaded Shanhaiguan, the capital was moved into Beijing, and Shengjing became the secondary capital. Following the victory over Japan in 1945, the city name was reversed and finally fixed as 'Shenyang'.
Being the birthplace of the Qing Dynasty, Shenyang has innumerable historical and cultural sites, with the ‘one palace and two tombs’ as the representative. Shenyang Imperial Palace built in 1625 is the second largest well-preserved palace architecture group existing in China, consisting of more than 300 rooms of around 20 courtyards. Fuling Tomb ((East Mausoleum) is the imperial tombs of Emperor Nurhaci, establisher of the Qing Dynasty and his empress. Zhaoling Tomb (North Mausoleum) is the mausoleum of Huang Taiji (Emperor Taizong) of the Qing Dynasty and his queen Bo'erjijite, combining both Manchu and Han architectural characteristics.
Besides, there are Xinle Remains, Taiqing Palace, Ci’en Temple, Nanguan Christian Church and the Pagoda of Buddhist Ashes, 9.18 Museum, Museum of Zhang Xueliang Former Residence and Liaoning Provincial Museum. The city also boasts a colorful natural scenery such as the magnificent Qipanshan Mountain that is the home of the Shenyang International Ice & Snow Festival, fine-sculpted World Expo Garden, stunning West Lake and the state-level Shenyang Forest Wild Animal Zoo. Travelling to Shenyang will prove to be a exciting experience with so many places to visit!