Taiyuan is the capital city of Shanxi Province. Located in the center of the province, it is also the political, economic and cultural center of Shanxi.Taiyuan is a city bounded on three sides by mountains. It has a long history and in ancient times was an important military town. At present, Taiyuan is one of China's heavy industrial cities and account for more than half the national coal mining output.
Taiyuan also has a wealth of tourist attractions and notably among these is the Jinci Temple. This is the city's most attractive temple although the Twin-Pagoda Temple has become a symbol of Taiyuan on account of its unique architecture. Another major attraction is the Tianlongshan Grottoes where magnificent sculptures dating from the Tang Dynasty (618-907) may be seen.