Known as the Hometown of Grapes, Turpan fascinates tourists by Grape Valley and Flame Mountain. Turpan is an old city with a long history. Traces have been found of humans living there, dating back to 6,000 years ago. The city was known as Gushi in the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD); and in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it got its name Turpan, which means 'the lowest place' in the Uygur language and 'the fertile land' in Turki. Lying in the Turpan Basin, the elevation of most of the places in the area is below 500 meters (1,640 feet). Turpan is the city with the lowest elevation in China.
Turpan is the crossroad where the Eastern and Western cultural and religious meets.It’s also the site of the richest areas of the Turpan Silk Road.
There are more than 200 remains of ancient cave temples, beacon towers, tombs, petroglyphs and other cultural relics here.There are 6 national key cultural relics protection units of them, accounting for nearly half of Xinjiang, ranking ninth of the Country.
There are more than 80% historical artifacts from the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty is in Xinjiang Turpan Museum.
Turpan is one of the two major centers of Uygur culture.Uighurs is one of the earliest ancestors of Uighur settlements.The local Uighur music, dance, costumes, religion, rituals, food and customs, in all aspects of their lives are charming.