Located on the Baishui River in Anshun, Guizhou Province, which is 140 kilometers away from the downtown of Guiyang, Huangguoshu waterfall is famous at home and abroad for the magnificent main falls and the densely distributed waterfall cluster. Huangguoshu Waterfall, a milky way in miniature, is the largest waterfall in Asia. Seventy-four meters (243 feet) high and eighty-one meters (266 feet) wide, it is a scenic marvel. The waterfall was named after the yellow fruit trees (huangguoshu in Chinese), which are said to have been growing in the place. However, there are not any yellow fruit trees now there. There are mainly three National Parks in this waterfall national park: Waterfalls Cluster, Water-Curtain Cave and Rhinoceros Pool.
Waterfalls Cluster: Huangguoshu is the best known of some 18 in a cluster of waterfalls. Its flow is seasonally adjusted. A reservoir behind the waterfall holds back some of the water. Doupotang Waterfall, one kilometer (less than one mile) up the river to Huangguoshu Waterfall, at 105 meters (344 feet) across is the widest. It is 21 meters (69 feet) high. The waterfall cluster is made up of more than 10 above-ground waterfalls, underground waterfalls, and water stone forests at Tianxingqiao Bridge and Tianxing Cave. The Huangguoshu Waterfall, at 74 meters high and 81 meters wide, is the most magnificent one among all the waterfalls.
Other waterfalls like Luosi Tan Waterfall, Silver-Chain Waterfall and Dishuitan Waterfall all have their distinct features.Besides the waterfall, there are two natural wonders. One is the scene of a much smaller waterfall above the main one and the small pond at the foot of the small waterfall. The small waterfall, only 4.5 meters high, and the pond, only 11.1 meters deep, constitute a graceful and harmonious combination in contrast with the thundering big waterfall. The second is the Water-curtain Cave behind the big waterfall.
The cave is 134 meters long, with 6 window holes, 5 halls, 3 springs and 6 passages. The cave is 40 meters from the Rhinoceros Pool; the left side is more spacious and has three openings. Tourists can have a special and nice view of the waterfall from behind. It is a spectacular view to watch the rainbow in the mist above the Rhinoceros Pool against the rosy and misted mountain in the setting sun.
The Water-Curtain Cave dissects Huangguoshu and provides visitors view ports on the waterfall. The total length of the cave is 134 meters (440 feet), including windows and halls. A road on the mountainside leads into the Water-Curtain Cave, where the fall can be heard, watched and touched. On a sunny day, a rainbow arches over the falls.
With a depth of eleven meters, Rhinoceros Pool is Rhinoceros shaped and stays submerged year round. Standing inside Water-Viewing Pavilion (Wang shui Ting) beside the Rhinoceros Pool to enjoy the flowing-down of the Huangguoshu Waterfall, you may feel bunches of pearls and silver chains are falling upon you. What a grand and peculiarly attractive scene!
Together with minor waterfalls, the charms of Huangguoshu Waterfall are a natural tourist drawing card. Hospitable ethic groups add the human touch. Do not miss it if you are in Guizhou Province.