Located in the central part of the Eurasian Continent, on the northwest border of China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has unique landscape which is called 'three mountains surrounding two basins'. The capital city, Urumqi, is located in the north part. The city has many gorgeous landscape features such as Red Hill and Southern Pasture (West White Poplar Gully), as well as featured cultural relics like Tartar Mosque and Qinghai Mosque.
Red Hill is a symbol of Urumqi, owing to its uniqueness. The body of the mountain, made up of aubergine rock, has a reddish brown color, hence the name. It is 1.5km (0.93miles) long and 1km (0.62miles) wide from east to west.
Less than 1km away, Yamalike Hill stands facing Red Hill. Legend has it that in ancient times a red dragon fled from Heavenly Lake and the Heavenly Empress caught him and sliced him in two with her sword. Later on, the western part of the dragon turned into Yamalike Hill and the eastern turned into Red Hill. The sword turned into the Urumqi River. Oddly enough, topographic pictures tell us the two hills were once one and were separated into two parts due to stratum rupture. There is a beautiful park has been developed surrounding the Red Hill. Modern entertainment facilities and ethnic performances bring a fresh and lively atmosphere to the park. On the peak of the hill, you will have the whole city with your eyes.
In the suburb of Urumqi, there lies the Southern Pastures, a beautiful pasture the pastoral Kazakh inhabit and graze in summer. Covering an area of 119 square kilometers (about 45 square miles), Southern Pastures, the natural large and famous summer resort, 75 kilometers (about 46 miles) away from the city, is located in the Southern Mountain, the area at the northern foot of Karawuquntag Mountain. On the way from city center to there, you can see the bright snowcapped Karawuquntag Mountain, the wandering valleys, hear the gurgle of springs, and smell the lush spruce trees.
In the thicket of the lush spruce trees, let your eyes delight in the traditional villas and the scattered Kazakstan yurts as they paint the grassland.Besides, West White Poplar Gully is the preferred place in the Southern Pastures for touring on horseback so that you can enjoy a relaxing but invigorating summer holiday.
People in Xinjiang mainly hold their religious faith, which contributes to the colorful religious culture like mosques. Tartar Mosque is one of the very few mosques open to visitors. The magnificent mosque is located at the south end of the Jiefang Road of Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Atonomous Region. It was built by the local Tartar people in 1897 entirely from donations. It is the center for peaceful Islamic activities in the city. Covering over 3,000 square meters (0.74 acre), the community worship hall alone is over 800 square meters (0.2 acre) and accomodates people by the thousands. As expected, the decor is elaborate with exquisite porches, carvings, and paintings all throughout.
As you immerse yourself in this beautiful site, the singing of the Kazakh may envelop you and inspire you to sing with them. What’s more, Urumqi is also an important city along the world-famous Silk Road, an historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean, which extended as far as present-day Rome.